How to Recover Database in SQL Server? Complete Solution

SQL Server is the most widely used application used by organizations to store, manage, or retrieve their critical data. Due to its popularity, there are times when recovering a database in SQL Server becomes necessary when data loss or corruption occurs. If you are facing the “How to recover database in SQL Server” issue like others, then you have arrived at the right blog post!

In this guide, we’ll discuss the potential reasons behind master database corruption in SQL Server and explore various solutions to get the desired resolution on “How to rebuild master database in SQL Server” issue effectively. 

What are the Reasons For Master Database Corruption in SQL Server?

There can be various reasons behind master database corruption. We will mention some of them in the following points:

  1. Your SQL Server database may be corrupted for various reasons like hardware failure, system crash, sudden power outage, etc.
  2. Another reason is that an error or issue with the operating system might impact the master database files. This can arise due to file system corruption, driver conflicts, or improper system shutdowns.
  3. Master database corruption occurs due to insufficient disk space. Due to this, SQL Server may be unable to write or perform the necessary operation. 
  4. Malware or virus attacks can be also a reason for master database corruption. Ignoring them may lead to severe data loss for you and your database.

Method 1: How to Recover Database in SQL Server?  Manually 

In this section, we will discuss a manual solution to rebuild the master database in SQL Server. If you have a recent backup, then you can easily restore the data from it, Otherwise, this technique doesn’t work for you.


Follow the below-mentioned procedure on “How to rebuild master database in SQL Server”:

  1. Retrieve the backup of another instance’s database.
  2. Navigate to the Database section within the Database dialog box and change the filename to “repair_masterdb” instead of the master database file. For example, rename the database file as “recover_masterdb.mdf” and “recover_masterdb.ldf”.
  3. Then, detach the newly created database file “repair_masterdb” from SQL Server.
  4. Subsequently, duplicate the database files “recover_masterdb.mdf” and “recover_masterdb.ldf” in the file system.
  5. Now, remove the corrupted MDF and LDF files of SQL.
  6. Following this, modify the names of the database files “recover_masterdb.mdf” and “recover_masterdb.ldf” to “master.mdf” and “mastlog.ldf” respectively.
  7. Lastly, restart the SQL Server and verify if the issue of Master Database corruption has been resolved or not.

Method 2: Repair Master Database Corruption in SQL By Recreating Database

If you don’t have a valid backup of the Master Database file (.mdf), then the method described above for repairing the SQL Server Master Database file may not be applicable. Nonetheless, an alternative solution is provided to assist in resolving issues with the master.mdf file of SQL Server using a recommended command


As you can see the manual method to solve a corrupted master database in SQL Server consists of a lot of steps and things that you have to be careful about to complete this process without leading to any data loss. Therefore, users should opt for a more secure and automated solution that doesn’t require any technical expertise to solve the user query on “how to recover database in SQL Server?”.

Method 3: How to Rebuild Master Database in SQL Server? Professionally 

The manual method can’t resolve the master database corruption, there is always an option to use the expert-suggested utility named called “ RecoveryTools SQL Database Recovery Software”. This advanced utility can recover corrupted database objects including- tables, triggers, stored procedures, functions, views, and more. 

Additionally, the software allows users to export SQL data into either a new or an existing SQL Server database. This application is also easy to use for both technical and non-technical users. It is compatible with 2022, 2019, 2016,2017, and previously released versions.  You can try the demo version of this utility available on the website to check its working performance.

Stepwise instructions on “How to recover database in SQL Server” using the expert-suggested utility:

Step 1: Install and run the tool on your Windows machine and then Click ‘Open’ to add the MDF file. 

Step 2: Next step, choose the scan mode either Quick Scan or Advance Scan, for scanning of highly corrupted database files, you can select the Advance mode” option. Hit the “OK” button to recover deleted database files. 

Step 3: Preview all the recovered database items including – tables, triggers, stored procedure, etc.

Step 4: After that, click on the “export” option to export data.

Step 5: Then, fill in the complete details in the Database Authentication and set your destination database.

Step 6: Finally, click on the ‘Export’ button to resolve the issue.

Concluding words 

Hope this article helps you to fix the most frequently asked user query on “How to recover database in SQL Server”. Here, we have discussed how to repair master database in SQL Server using two different techniques. We covered manual method as well as professional solution to accomplish the task.


However, if you are considering using a manual approach to resolve the problem. So think twice. Because the solution looks so simple but it is not, it requires deep knowledge of the SQL Server. Also, we suggest a solution to eliminate this error. In such a condition, users should go for a professional tool that can easily fix corrupted data files.